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posted by: Alley Gator
09/26/11 3:40 pm
PANTHEON OF FOREFATHERS (1923-1952)
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Pantheon of the roots and blues performers who laid the groundwork for Rock & Soul music
Tier -- Name -- Role -- Notes
-- -- --
01 -- Louis Armstrong -- trumpeter, singer, bandleader -- improvisation, virtuosity, swing, style, exuberance
01 -- Woody Guthrie -- songwriter and activist -- topical songs, American "folk" music, salt of the earth
01 -- Robert Johnson -- songwriter, guitarist, vocalist -- most revered and influential of all blues musicians
01 -- Muddy Waters -- guitar, vocals, bandleader -- electrified & urbanized Delta blues, rockin' blues songs
01 -- Hank Williams -- songwriter, bandleader -- father of modern country, greatest songwriter and singer
01 -- Billie Holiday -- jazz vocalist -- template for personal, interpretive vocals, channeling Louis Armstrong
-- -- --
02 -- Jimmie Rodgers -- songwriter, singer -- brought blues feeling to early country music, classic songs
02 -- Bessie Smith -- vocalist -- bridged blues and jazz, brought blues singing to the masses
02 -- Pete Seeger -- songwriter and activist -- tirelessly promoted folk music through community singing
02 -- Louis Jordan -- bandleader, songwriter, sax -- dominant "jump" blues of 1940s, popularized early R&B
-- -- --
03 -- T-Bone Walker -- guitarist, songwriter, singer -- perfected influential electrical guitar style (cf. Charlie Christian)
03 -- Little Walter -- harmonica, bandleader,singer -- invented influential blues harmonica sound
03 -- Howlin' Wolf -- singer, songwriter, bandleader -- performed blues as hard rock before anyone else
03 -- Lead Belly -- guitar, singer -- carried folk and blues traditions from early 20th century
03 -- Les Paul -- guitarist, songwriter, inventer -- invented solid-body guitar, multitracking, used them creatively
-- -- --
04 -- Professor Longhair -- piano, songwriter, vocalist -- invented influential "rhumba-boogie" New Orleans piano style
04 -- Elmore James -- guitar, songwriter, vocalist -- perfected influential blues slide guitar style
04 -- Big Joe Turner -- vocalist -- invented and perfected influential blues "shouter" vocal style
04 -- Dinah Washington -- vocalist -- "Queen of the jukebox" prior to Ruth Brown's more rock style of R&B
-- -- --
05 -- John Lee Hooker -- guitar, songwriter, vocalist -- sui generis blues guitarist and singer, an enduring style of his own
05 -- Amos MIlburn -- piano, vocalist, songwriter -- leading R&B stylist with boogie-woogie roots
05 -- The Orioles -- vocal group -- prototype for R&B vocal groups of early 1950s
05 -- Clifton Chenier -- accordian, vocalist, bandleader -- father of modern zydeco music
05 -- The Mills Brothers -- vocal group -- prototype for group harmony with rhythm
05 -- The Ink Spots -- vocal group -- prototype for vocal arrangements with tenor and bass recitation
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